Key Factors to Succeed in Your IELTS Writing Test


To succeed in your IELTS writing test, you should clearly know your task and what you want to achieve. And the goal is that you should know the entire pattern of the writing module including what is expected from you.

Format of the Writing Module:

IELTS General Writing Module:

  • Task 1: Task 1 of IELTS General Training is a letter-writing where you are given a situation/ circumstance based on which you have to write a letter requesting some information or explaining the situation. The letter can be formal/ semi-formal/ informal depending upon the situation and you get only 20 minutes to write the letter. The minimum words required are 150 words.
  • Task 2: Task 2 of IELTS General Training is an essay writing where you are presented with an argument/ opinion/ issue and you have to write your response catering to all the points given in the question. You are allowed 40 minutes to write the response in a minimum of 250 words.

IELTS Academic Writing Module:

  • Task 1: Task 1 of IELTS Academic writing is a report writing or summarization of the given visual content (diagram/ graph/ table/ chart) which you have to write in 20 minutes in 150 words. It is a brief explanation of the factual information.
  • Task 2: Task 2 of IELTS Academic writing is an essay writing where you are given an argument/ problem/ viewpoint on which you have to write your response expressing your ideas in a minimum of 250 words and within 40 minutes.

What is expected from your written content?

Band Descriptors For Academic and General Writing:

  1.   Task Achievement:
  • Task 1: In the task1 of academic writing, you are expected to include all the relevant and necessary facts/ information/ key points in your report/ summary/ description so that all aspects of the task are covered and stated clearly. And in task 1 of general writing, you are expected to fulfill all the parts of the letter i.e reason for writing the letter, explaining the situation/ requesting the information, a possible solution, and a proper signing off.
  • Task 2: Task 2 of IELTS Academic and General is the same and your goal is to address all the parts of the given question fully by answering each segment of the given topic. Develop all your ideas properly and mention all your points in a proper sequence. You must have a clear thesis that is effectively supported in the body paragraphs.
  1.   Coherence and Cohesion:
  • Task 1: Task 1 of IELTS academic and general requires the binding of your ideas in a way that it should be well-organized and sequential using paragraphing appropriately. Every situation/ information needs to be presented in a logical and well-described manner.  
  •  Task 2: Task 2 of IELTS academic and general expects that the content should project the connectivity throughout without disruption from the main topic. The written text should be stitched together in such a way that each idea is supported with the help of relevant examples and there should be coherence between different paragraphs.
  1.   Lexical Resource:
  • Task 1: Task 1 of IELTS academic and general relies on the wide usage of task-related vocabulary. The use of appropriate words in your writing can enhance the texture of the writing and add more value to the content.
  •  Task 2: Task 2 of IELTS academic and general depends on a wide range of formal glossary to make the writing meaningful, effective and impressive. Vocabulary plays a very imminent role in writing tasks especially IELTS writing task 2 of both academic and general IELTS as the right and accurate word choice can lift up the level of your writing expression to above-average level.
  1.   Grammatical Range and Accuracy:
  • Task 1: The spine of the English language is the grammar, if you master it, you will never falter in writing tasks.
  • Task 2: Use a wide range of sentence structures in your writing task 2 of  IELTS academic and general, without grammar mistakes. It demonstrates the flexibility and command you have over the language.

Besides the band descriptors, a few more key factors that contribute to success in the IELTS writing test are:

  1.       Maintain parallelism/ uniformity in your writing: It is very essential to frame your ideas in a proper sequence. Use paragraphing appropriately. Make use of the words that make your writing cohesive and well synchronized.
  2.       Plan your writing task: Whenever you start your writing task, always take out a few minutes to plan on how you want to structure your content and how the content will be laid out i.e plan the introduction, the content of the paragraph and the conclusion. Start by paraphrasing the topic sentence in the introductory paragraph and progress further touching each part of the topic. In the end, summarise your ideas in the concluding paragraph.
  3.       Stick to formal writing expression: While writing stick to the formal vocabulary as that looks more presentable and avoids using contracted forms in essay writing.  
  4.   Respond to each part of the question: When you write your response, make sure to respond to each part of the question with clarity. As the examiner will assess you on these criteria.
  5.       Explain the argument with examples: Make sure to explain your argument by giving relevant examples. It becomes easy to understand your explanation when you quote the example, that way the examiner can easily relate to the topic and can quickly understand your perception behind your writing.
  6.   Avoid the use of bullet points: Writing should look fluent using different paragraphs to express different ideas. Whereas using bullet points breaks the flow of the text.
  7.   Make your writing appealing: An examiner will give you a good score if your writing is visually appealing. Make it look organized by highlighting the key points and avoid giving unnecessary details. Avoid repetition of words, make use of synonyms to make your writing engaging.

8.   Review your work: After writing each task, keep aside a few minutes to review your work as that will help you to fix any grammar errors or omit any unnecessary or irrelevant information.